Private pools are usually smaller than public pools, on average 12 ft x 24 ft (3.7 m x 7.3 m) to 20 ft x 40 ft (6.1 m x 12 m) whereas public pools usually start at 80 ft (24 m).
Home pools can be permanently built-in, or be assembled above ground and disassembled after summer. Privately owned outdoor pools in backyards or gardens started to proliferate in the 1950s in regions with warm summer climates, particularly in the United States.
Private pools are increasingly a feature of homes in greater latitudes. For example, in London many larger homes are now refurbished with indoor pools, usually in the basement or in a conservatory.
Construction methods for private pools vary greatly. The main types of in-ground pools are concrete, vinyl liner, and one-piece fiberglass. Above-ground pools (also called "on-ground pools") are cheaper to build.
Many countries now have strict pool fencing requirements for private swimming pools, which require pool areas to be isolated so that unauthorized children younger than six years cannot enter. Many countries require a similar level of protection for the children residing in or visiting the house, although many pool owners prefer the visual aspect of the pool in close proximity to their living areas, and will not provide this level of protection. There is no consensus between states or countries on the requirements to fence private swimming pools, and in many places they are not required at all, particularly in rural settings.